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认识各种纤维


时间:2012-04-05 15:18

FANDUIYONGLAIZHICHENGFANGZHIZHIPINDEXIANWEICHENGWEIFANGZHIXIANWEI。FANGZHIXIANWEIXIERZHANG,YOUYIDINGDEQIANGDU,ROURENERYOUDANXING,NAIMO,YOUYIDING DEBAOHELI。

FANGZHIXIANWEIANQILAIYUANFENWEITIANRANXIANWEIHEHUAXUEXIANWEILIANGDALEI。TIANRANXIANWEIYOUKEFENWEIZHIWUXIANWEI、DONGWUXIANWEIHEKUANGWUXIANWEI。ZHIWUXIANWEIDEZHUYAOZUCHENGWUZHISHIXIANWEISU,SUOYIYOUCHENGWEITIANRANXIANWEISUXIANWEI。ZHIWUXIANWEIYOUFENZHONGZIXIANWEI(MIAN、MUMIAN)、JINGXIANWEI(ZHUMA、YAMA、HUANGMADENG)HEYEXIANWEI(JIANMA、JIAOMA)DENG。DONGWUXIANWEIDEZHUYAOZUCHENGWUZHISHIDANBAIZHI,SUOYIYOUCHENGDANBAIZHIXIANWEI。TAFENWEIMAOFA(MIANYANGMAO、SHANYANGRONG、LUOTUOMAO、TUMAODENG)HEXIANFENMIWU(SANGCANSI、ZUOCANSI、BIMACANSIDENG)。KUANGWUXIANWEIZHUYAOYOUSHIMIANDENG。HUAXUEXIANWEISHIJINGGUOHUAXUEGONGYIJIAGONGHEFANGSICHENGXINGERZHIDEDEFANGZHIXIANWEI。ANQISUOYONGYUANLIAOHEJIAGONGFANGFABUTONG,HUAXUEXIANWEIYOUKEFENWEIZAISHENGXIANWEI、CUZHIXIANWEIHEHECHENGXIANWEIJILEI。ZAISHENGXIANWEISHIYITIANRANGAOJUWUWEIYUANLIAO,JINGGUOHUAXUECHULIYUJIXIEJIAGONGERZAISHENGZHIDEDEXIANWEI。RUZHANJIAOXIANWEI、FUQIANGXIANWEI、TONGANXIANWEIDENGZAISHENGXIANWEISUXIANWEIHEZAISHENGDANBAIZHIXIANWEI。CUZHIXIANWEISHIYITIANRANXIANWEISUXIANWEIWEIYUANLIAOZHICHENGDE、ZUCHENGCHENGFENWEICUSUANXIANWEISUZHIDEXIANWEI。HECHENGXIANWEISHILIYONGDIFENZIHUAHEWUWEIYUANLIAO,JINGGUOHUAXUEHECHENGYUJIXIEJIAGONGZHIDEDEXIANWEI。QIZHUYAOPINZHONGYOU:JUZHIXIANWEI(DILUN)、JUXIANANXIANWEI(JINLUN6、JINLUN66DENG)、JUBINGXIJINGXIANWEI(JINGLUN)、JUYIXICHUNXIANWEI(WEILUN),JUBINGXIXIANWEI(BINGLUN)JIYIXIXIANWEI(LVLUN)DENG。CIWAI,HAIYOUBOLIXIANWEI、JINSHUXIANWEIHETANSUXIANWEIDENG。

FANGZHIXIANWEIJIHETIDEBIAOXIANRENSHI,TONGCHANGYINGYONGSHOUGANMUCEFANGFA,GENJUXIANWEIDEWAIGUANXINGTAI、SEZE、SHOUGANJISHOULAQIANGDUDENGDETEZHENGLAIQUFENTIANRANXIANWEIHUOHUAXUEXIANWEI。LIRU:TIANRANXIANWEIDEZHANGDUCHAYIHENDA,ZHANGDUZHENGQIDUCHA,ERHUAXUEXIANWEIDEZHANGDUYIBANJUNJIAOZHENGQI。MIANXIANWEIXIERROURUAN,ZHANGDUDUAN;MAXIANWEISHOUGANJIAOCUYING;YANGMAOXIANWEIYOUJUANQU、ROURUANERFUYOUDANXING;CANSIJUYOUTESHUGUANGZE,SHOUGANTEBIEROURUAN;HUAXUEXIANWEIZHONGDEZHANJIAOXIANWEIDEGANSHIQIANGDUCHAYIDA;ERHECHENGXIANWEIYONGSHOUGANMUCEFAJIAONANQUBIE,BIXUYINGYONGQITAFANGFAJIAYIQUBIE。

RENSHIHEJIANBIEFANGZHIXIANWEI,BAOKUOSHIYAN1----SHIYAN2,GONG2GESHIYAN。

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ER、SHIYANYIQIHESHIYANG

SHIYANYIQIWEILLY-27XINGXIANWEIXIDUYI,XIANWEIXIDUYIDEGONGNENGQIANGDA,YOUCHENG:XIANWEITOUYINGYI、XIANWEIFENXIYI。YIQIDEJISHUMIAOSHU:YONGYUDONGWUXIANWEI、HUAXUEXIANWEI、MIANMADENGXIANWEIZHIJINGCELIANG,CELIANGSUDUKUAI,CAOZUOJIANBIAN,JIANSHAORENWEIWUCHA。ZHIJINGCELIANGFUHEGUOJIABIAOZHUNGB/T 10685-1989YANGMAOXIANWEIZHIJINGSHIYANFANGFA — TOUYINGXIANWEIJINGFADEGUIDING;HANLIANGCELIANGFUHEGUOJIABIAOZHUNGB/T 16988-1997TEZHONGDONGWUXIANWEIYUYANGMAOHUNHEWUHANLIANGDECEDING;MIANMAHANLIANGCELIANGFUHEFANGZHIXINGYEBIAOZHUNFZ/T30003-2000,FZ/T32004-1996MIANMAHUNFANGCHANPINDINGLIANGFENXIFANGFAXIANWEITOUYINGFA;YIJIFUHESHANGJIANBIAOZHUNSN/T 0756-1999JINCHUKOUMA/MIANHUNFANGCHANPINDINGLIANGFENXIFANGFAXIANWEITOUYINGFA;TONGGUODUIHUNFANGCHANPINZHONGDANGENXIANWEIXINGTAIFENXIHEZHIJINGCELIANG,KEYIDEDAOGEZHONGHUNFANGCHANPINDEXIANWEIHANLIANGJIBAIFENBI;CAIYONGZHUANYEDEFENXIRUANJIAN,CESHIGUOCHENGZHONGSHISHIXIANSHIMEICIJIANCEDIANJUBUTUXINGJISHUJU,KEYICEDEGELEIXIANWEIJIEMIANXINGTAIMIANJI,BINGZIDONGJISUANDEDAOGEZHONGHUNFANGCHANPINDEXIANWEIHANLIANGJIBAIFENBI,TUXING、SHUJUJIBAOBIAOYIExcelSHUCHUHUODAORUWord,BINGTIGONGBIAOZHUNBAOBIAO;CELIANGFANWEI2~ 200μm,TIGONGTEZHONGDONGWUXIANWEI、HUAXUEXIANWEIBIAOZHUNYANGPINDETUKU。

SHIHEBIAOZHUN:GB/T 10685、GB/T 16988、FZ/T32004、SN/T 0756DENG。。

SHIYANGWEIMIAN、YANGMAO、CANSI、ZHUMA、ZHANJIAOXIANWEI、DILUN、JINLUNDENGGEZHONGFANGZHIXIANWEIDEQIEPIANBIAOBENRUOGAN。BINGXUZHUNBEIZAIBOPIAN、GAIBOPIAN、CAJINGTOUZHIHEZHENGLIUSHUIDENG。

SAN、JIBENZHISHI

BIAO1-1 GEZHONGFANGZHIXIANWEIDEZONGXIANGHEJIEMIANXINGTAITEZHENG

纤维种类 纵向形态 截面形态
有天然转曲 腰圆形,有中腔
羊毛 表面有鳞片 圆形或接近圆形,有些有毛髓
桑蚕丝 平滑 不规则三角形
苎麻 有横节竖纹 腰圆形,有中腔及裂缝
亚麻 有横节竖纹 多角形,中腔小
黄麻 有横节竖纹 多角形,中腔较大
粘胶纤维 纵向有沟槽 锯齿形,有皮芯层
富强纤维 平滑 圆形
醋酯纤维 有1-2根沟槽 三叶形或不规则锯齿形
维纶 有1-2根沟槽 腰圆形,有皮芯层
腈纶 平滑或1-2根沟槽 圆形或哑铃形
氯纶 平滑 接近圆形
涤纶、锦纶、丙纶 平滑 圆形

1、FANGZHIXIANWEIDEZONGXIANGHEJIEMIANXINGTAITEZHENG SHIYONGPUTONGSHENGWUXIANWEIJINGKEYIGUANCHAGEZHONGXIANWEIDEZONGXIANGHEJIEMIANDEXINGTAI。YOUYUGEZHONGXIANWEIYOUQIDUTEDEXINGTAITEZHENG,YINCIBUJINKEYIYONGLAIJIANBIEXIANWEI,TONGSHIDUISHAZHILIANGHECHANPINXINGZHIYEYOUYINGXIANG。GEZHONGXIANWEIDEZONGXIANGHEJIEMIANDEXINGTAIGEYOUBUTONG,RUBIAO1-1SUOLIE。HUAXUEXIANWEISHENGCHANSUOYONGDEPENSIKONGXINGZHUANGBUTONG,KECHANCHUBUTONGJIEMIANXINGZHUANGDEXIANWEI,RUSANJIAOXING、WUYEXING、YXING、ZHONGKONGXINGDENG。

2、LLY-27XINGXIANWEIXIDUYIJIEGOU:YOUXIANWEIJING、SHEXIANGTOU、DIANNAOZUOYIZHUANYEPINGGURUANJIANGOUCHENGYIGEWANZHENGDEJIANCETIXI。

1. XIANWEIXIDUYI500BEIZHUANYONGXIANWEIJING;

2. SONGXIACAISEJIHEIBAIJINGTOUGE1GE;

3. CELIANGFANWEI2~ 200μm,JINGDU0.1μm;

4. ZHUANYEFENXIPINGGURUANJIAN,CESHIGUOCHENGZHONGSHISHIXIANSHIMEICIJIANCEDIANJUBUTUXINGJISHUJU,KEYICEDEGELEIXIANWEIJIEMIANXINGTAIMIANJI,BINGZIDONGJISUANDEDAOGEZHONGHUNFANGCHANPINDEXIANWEIHANLIANGJIBAIFENBI;TUXING、SHUJUJIBAOBIAOYIExcelSHUCHUHUODAORUWord;

5. XIANWEIZHIJINGZIDONGCELIANG,BINGTIGONGSHISHIJIANCEDIANJUBUTUXING;

6. KEYICEDEGELEIXIANWEIJIEMIANXINGTAIMIANJI,BINGZIDONGJISUANDEDAOGEZHONGHUNFANGCHANPINDEXIANWEIHANLIANGJIBAIFENBI。YIQIWAIGUANRUTU1-1SUOSHI。

YIQIJIESHAO:LLY-27XING XIANWEIXIDUFENXIYI

TU1-1 LLY-27XINGXIANWEIXIDUYI

SI、SHIYANFANGFAHECHENGXU

1、SHIYANGZHUNBEI(GUANCHAXIANWEIZONGXIANGTEZHENG)

(1)QUSHIYANGYIXIAOSHU,SHOUCHEZHENGLIPINGZHI,YONGYOUSHOUMUZHIHESHIZHIJIAQUYUE20-30GENXIANWEI,JIANGJIAQUDUANDEXIANWEIANZAIZAIBOPIANSHANG,YONGZUOSHOUFUSHANGGAIBOPIAN,BINGCHOUQUDUOYUDEXIANWEI,SHIFUZAIZAIBOPIANSHANGDEXIANWEIBAOCHIPINGZHI。

(2)ZAIGAIBOPIANDELIANGDUIDINGJIAOSHANGGEDIYIDIZHENGLIUSHUI,SHIGAIBOPIANZHANZHEBINGZENGJIASHIYEDEQINGXIDU。

2、YIQISHIYONG

(1)SHIBIEXIANWEIJINGGEZHUYAOBUJIANDEWEIZHI,BINGJIANCHAQIZHUANGTAISHIFOUZHENGCHANG,BAOKUOCUDIAOHEWEIDIAOZHUANGZHI、WUJINGHEMUJINGYIDONGZHUANGZHI、JIGUANGQIHEGUANGLANDENG。

(2)JIANGXIANWEIJINGMIANDUIBEIGUANG,BANDONGJINGBEI,SHIQISHIDANGQINGXIE,YISHIYINGDIANNAOXIANSHIQIXIANSHI。

(3)XUANZHUANCUDIAOZHUANGZHI,JIANGJINGTONGFANGZHIZUIDIWEIZHI,WUJINGBUCHUJIGAIBOPIAN,DIAOJIEYIDONGZHUANGZHI,SHISHIYANGYIZAIWUJINGZHONGXIN。

(4)XUANZHUANCUDIAOZHUANGZHI,HUANMANSHENGQIJINGTONG,ZHIJIANDAOSHIYANGXIANGHOU,ZAIDIAOJIEWEIDIAOZHUANGZHI,SHISHIYANGCHENGXIANGQINGXI。

(5)DIAOJIEWANBIHOU,KEZAIMUJINGZHONGGUANCHAGEZHONGXIANWEIDEZONGXIANGHEJIEMIANDEXINGTAI。

(6)ZAIXIANWEISHIDANGBUWEITUODONGSHUBIAO,ZHIJIEDECHUXIANWEIZHIJING。

(7)GENJUXIANWEIXINGTAIGUILEIZHIJIEDECHUXIANWEIBAIFENBI。

(8)SHIYANWANBI,JIANGXIANWEIJINGCASHIGANJING,BINGSHIJINGBEIHUIFUCHUIZHIWEIZHI,JINGTONGJIANGZHIZUIDIWEIZHI。

WU、ZHUYISHIXIANG

(1)BIXUXIANBAJINGTONGFANGZHIZUIDIWEIZHI,ZAIZHUANDONGCUDIAOZHUANGZHISHIWUJINGZHUJIANSHANGSHENGZHAOCHUWUXIANG,YIBAOHUWUJING。

(2) CAGAIBOPIANSHI,XUJIANGQIFANGZAIZAIBOPIANSHANG,BUKEWOZAISHOUZHONGCASHI,YIMIANNONGSUI。

SIKAOTI:1、MIANHEZHUMADEJIEMIANXINGTAISHIFOUYIYANG,BINGSHUOMINGQIGEZIDEXINGTAITEZHENG?

2、ZAIXIANWEIJINGCAOZUOSHIYINGZHUYINAXIESHIXIANG?SHIYANZHONGYOUHETIHUI?