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中段称重法测定棉纤维的公制支数


时间:2012-04-05 13:15

FANGZHIXIANWEIDEXIDUSHIXIANWEIDEXINGTAICHICUNZHIBIAO,YUFANGZHIJIAGONGJISHABUZHILIANGGUANXIMIQIE。ZAICUXIXIANGTONGDESHAXIANZHONG,XIANWEIYUEXI,SHAXIANJIEMIANZHONGDEXIANWEIGENSHUYUEDUO,XIANWEIYUXIANWEIZHIJIANZONGDEJIECHUMIANJIDA,XIANWEIZHIJIANBAOHEHAO,LADUANSHAXIANSHI,XIANWEIBUYIHUATUO,CHENGSHAQIANGDUGAO。XIANWEIYUEXI,SHATIAODELILUNBUYUNYUEDI,SHAXIANSHAGANJUNYUN。XIXIANWEIDEKANGWAN、KANGNIUGANGDUXIAO,SHAZHONGMAOYUSHULIANGSHAO,SHABIAOMIANGUANGJIE,SHOUGANROURUAN,JIAGONGCHENGDEZHIWUGUANGZEROUHE,XUANCHUIXINGHAO,YIZHIZUONEIYIZHIWUHEBOZHIWU。ZAIFANGSHASHENGCHANZHONG,WEIBAOZHENGCHENGSHAZHILIANG,ZAIYUANLIAOXUANPEIZHONG,BIXUGENJUSHAXIANDECUXIYUCHANPINYAOQIUXUANZEXIANWEIDEXIDU。ZAIFANGZHIJIAGONGZHONG,XIXIANWEIRONGYICHANSHENGNIUJIEHEJIUCHAN,YINCIKAISONG、SHULISHIXIANWEISHOULIZUOYONGBUYISHIFENJULIE,DANZAIQIANSHEN、JIANIANYIJICHENGSHAGUOCHENGZHONG,XIXIANWEISHATIAOBAOHELIHAO,DUANTOUSHAO,JIANIANXIAOLVGAO;CUXIANWEISHATIAOZERONGYIDUANTOU,JIANIANXIAOLVYEDI。YOUYUXIANWEIXIDUDUIFANGZHISHENGCHANYUCHANPINZHILIANGYOUZHEMIQIEDEGUANXI,YINCIFANGZHISHENGCHANZHONGBIXUDUIMEIPIYUANLIAOCEDINGXIDU,YIBIANZHANGWOYUANLIAOXINGZHI,ZUODAOHELISHIYONGYUANLIAO,QUEDINGHELIDEJIAGONGGONGYI。

XIANWEIXIDUZHIBIAOYOUZHIJIEZHIBIAOHEJIANJIEZHIBIAOLIANGZHONG。CHANGYONGDEXIANWEIXIDUZHIJIEZHIBIAOYOUZHIJING(KUANDU)d、JIEMIANJIS、ZHOUZHANGP、BIBIAOMIANJIS0。ZHOUZHANGKEBIAOSHIMIANXIANWEIDEBENZHIXIDU,BIBIAOMIANJISHIQILIUCEYIXIDUDETEZHENGCANSHU。DUIYUANXINGJIEMIANDEXIANWEI,GEZHONGZHIJIEZHIBIAOZHISHUKEYIXIASHIJISUAN:

XIANWEIXIDUJIANJIEZHIBIAOCHANGYONGYOUGUANDEZHIBIAOLAIBIAOSHI,RUGONGZHIZHISHUNm、DANSHUNden、TESHUNtexJIMAKELONGZHIMDENG。GONGZHIZHISHUYIDANWEIZHONGLIANG(g)DEXIANWEISUOJUYOUDEZHANGDU(m)BIAOSHI。MAKELONGZHISHIMAKELONGQILIUYIDEDUSHUZHI,WULIANGGANG,CISHUJIEJINYUMEIYINGCUNXIANWEIDEZHONGLIANG(μg)。JIANJIEXIDUZHIBIAOZHIJIANDEHUANSUANGUANXIWEI:

Nm·Nden=9000; Nm·Ntex=1000; Nden=9Ntex

XIANWEIXIDUCESHIFANGFAFENZHIJIEFAHEJIANJIEFALIANGZHONG。ZHIJIEFAJIUSHIYONGXIANWEIJINGHUOTOUYINGYIZHIJIECELIANGXIANWEIDEZHIJINGHUOJIEMIANJI。JIANJIEFAYOUZHONGDUANQIEDUANCHENGZHONGFA、ZHENDONGFA、QILIUFACEDINGXIANWEIGONGZHIZHISHU、DANSHU、TESHUHUOMAKELONGZHI。ZHUYAOFANGZHIXIANWEIDEXIDUFANWEIWEI:XIMIANRONG0.22—0.15tex(4500—6500GONGZHI);YANGMAOφ7—240μm;ZHUMA1—0.4tex(1500—2500GONGZHI);JIANSI0.22—0.44tex(2—4DAN);JUANSIYUE0.14tex(YUE7000GONGZHI);MIANXINGHUAXIAN0.11—0.22tex(1—2DAN);MAOXINGHUAXIAN0.33—0.55tex(3—5DAN);ZHONGZHANGXINGHUAXIAN0.22—0.33tex(2—3DAN)。

YI、ZHONGDUANCHENGLIANGFACEDINGMIANXIANWEIDEGONGZHIZHISHUGENSHUSHIYANDEMUDEYAOQIU

LIYONGXIANWEIJIEDUANQIQIEQUYIDINGZHANGDUDEMIANXIANWEI,JINGCHENGZHONGJISHUGENSHU,GENJUDINGZHONGZHIXIDUDINGYIQIUCHUGONGZHIZHISHU。TONGGUOSHIYAN,ZHANGWOZHONGDUANCHENGZHONGFACEDINGMIANXIANWEIGONGZHIZHISHUDEFANGFAHEGONGZHIZHISHUDEJISUAN。

ER、SHIYANYIQIHESHIYANG

SHIYANYIQIWEI(Y171XING XIANWEIQIEDUANQI )Y171XINGXIANWEIQIEDUANQI(10 mm)、XIANWEIJINGHUOTOUYINGYI(FANGDA150-200)HENIULITIANPING(CHENGLIANG25mgJI10mgGEYIJIA)。SHIYANGWEIMIANXIANWEIYIZHONG。BINGXUYOUXIANZHIQIRONGBAN、SHUZHEN(XIZHEN10ZHEN/cm,MIZHEN20ZHEN/cm)、YIHAOJIAZI、YABAN、NIEZI、XIAOGANGCHIHEZAIBOPIANDENG。

仪器来源:

SAN、JIBENZHISHI

1、JUEDINGYUANMIANXIDUDEYINSUHEYUANMIANXIDUDEFANWEI JUEDINGYUANMIANXIDUDEYINSUYOUYUANMIANDEPINZHONGHEYUANMIANDECHENGSHUDULIANGGEFANGMIAN。GUONEIYUANMIANPINZHONGFENXIRONGMIANHEZHANGRONGMIANLIANGZHONG。XIRONGMIANSHUYULUDIMIANPINZHONG。XIANWEIXIDUBIZHANGRONGMIANCU,ZHANGDUYEBIJIAODUAN。ZHANGRONGMIANSHUYUHAIDAOMIANPINZHONG,XIANWEIXIDUJIAOXI,ZHANGDUYEJIAOZHANG。MUQIANGUONEISHENGCHANDEXIRONGMIANZHANZONGCHANLIANGDE98%ZUOYOU。SUIZHEMIANHUAPINZHONGBUTONG,MIANXIANWEIJIEMIANJIZHOUZHANGBUYIYANG。XIRONGMIANJIEMIANJIZHOUZHANGJISUANDAOYUANDEZHIJINGYUEWEI15-19μm,ZHANGRONGMIANJIEMIANZHOUZHANGJISUANDAOYUANDEZHIJINGYUEWEI12-15μm。JUEDINGYUANMIANXIDUDELINGWAIYIGEYINSUSHIYUANMIANDECHENGSHUDU。MIANXIANWEIDESHENGZHANGFAYUFENSHENZHANGQIHEJIAHOUQILIANGGEJIEDUAN,SUIZHESHENZHANGQIDEJIJIANGZHONGZHI,MIANXIANWEIJIAHOUQIJIJIANGKAISHI。SUIZHEMIANXIANWEIZAIJIAHOUQIJIANCHENGSHUDUDETIGAO,XIANWEIBAOBIYOUYUXIANWEISUDIANJIERRIQUJIAHOU,YUANMIANGONGZHIZHISHUZHUJIANJIANGDI。WOGUOYUANMIANXIDUFANWEI:XIRONGMIANWEI0.22-0.15tex(4500-6500GONGZHI),ZHANGRONGMIANWEI0.15-0.11tex(6500-9000GONGZHI)。

2.ZHONGDUANCHENGZHONGFACEDINGMIANXIANWEIXIDUDEYUANLI ZHONGDUANFACEDINGXIANWEIXIDUDEYUANLISHIJIANGXIANWEIPAICHENGYIDUANPINGQIPINGXINGSHENZHIDEMIANSHU,RANHOUYONGXIANWEIQIEDUANQIZAIXIANWEIZHONGDUANQIEQU10mmZHANGDEXIANWEISHU,ZAIZAINIULITIANPINGSHANGCHENGZHONG,JISHUZHEIYISHUZHONGDUANXIANWEIDEGENSHU,GENJUXIANWEIQIEDUANZHANGDU、GENSHUHEZHONGLIANG,JISHUXIANWEIDEGONGZHIZHISHU。

SI、SHIYANGZHIBEI

1、QUYANG CONGSHIYANMIANTIAOZONGXIANGQUCHU1500-2000GENXIANWEI,KECONGXIALIEGONGSHIQIUDEnGENXIANWEIDEYUEJIZHONGLIANG:

W=Ln/N(mg)(4-1)

SHIZHONG:WnGENXIANWEIDEZHONGLIANG(mg);

LXIANWEIMINGYIZHANGDU(mm);

NXIANWEIMINGYIXIDU(Nm);

NXIANWEIGENSHU。

2、ZHENGLIMIANSHU JIANGZHENGLIHAODEMIANSHU,YONG1HAOJIAZIJIAZHUMIANSHUJUZHENGQIYIDUANYUE5-6mmCHU,XIANYONGXISHU、HOUYONGMISHUCONGMIANSHUJIANDUANKAISHIZHUBUKAOJINJIAZIBUFENJINXINGSHULI,ZHIDAOMIANSHUSHANGDEYOULIXIANWEISHUQUWEIZHI。RANHOUJIANGMIANSHUYIZHILINGYIJIAZISHANG,SHIZHENGQIYIDUANLUCHUJIAZIWAI。ANBIAO4-1DEJISHUYAOQIU,XIANYONGMISHU,YOUYUANLIJIAZIDEYIDUANKAISHISHUQU,ZHUJIANKAOJINJIAZIXUXUSHULIYIMIANZHEDUANXIANWEI。

BIAO4-1 MIANSHUSHULIHEQIEDUANSHIDEJISHUYAOQIU

手扯长度 梳去短纤维长度(mm) 棉束切断时整齐端外露(mm)
31mm及以下 16 5
31mm以上 20 7

2、QIEQU JIANGSHULIHAODEPINGZHIMIANSHUFANGZAIY171XINGXIANWEIQIEDUANQIJIABAN3、4ZHONGJIAN(XIANWEIQIEDUANQIDEGOUZAORUTU4-1SUOSHI)。MIANSHUYINGYUQIEDAOCHUIZHI,SHIQUANBUQIEXIADEXIANWEIZHANGWEI10mm。XIANWEISHOUCHEZHANGDU31mmJIYIXIADEMIANSHU,ZHENGQIYIDUANLUCHU5mm。HUAXUEXIANWEIHUOMIANXIANWEISHOUCHEZHANGDUZAI31mmYISHANGDEMIANSHULUCHU7mm;RANHOUQIEDUAN,QIEDUANSHILIANGSHOUYONGLIYIZHI,SHIXIANWEILAZHIDANBUZHISHENZHANG。

3、YUCHULI JIANGZHONGDUANHELIANGDUANQIEDUANDEXIANWEIFANGZHIZAIBIAOZHUNDAQITIAOJIANXIA(WENDU20±3℃,XIANGDUISHIDU65%±3%)YUCHULI1h,SHIXIANWEIZHONGSHUIFENDADAOPINGHENGZHUANGTAI。

4、CHENGZHONG YONGNIULITIANPINGFENBIECHENGZHONG,JILUMIANSHUZHONGDUANHELIANGDUANXIANWEIDEZHONGLIANG,ZHUNQUEDAO0.02mg。

5、JISHUGENSHU

(1)ZHIPIAN:YONGMUZHIYUSHIZHIJIACHIZHONGDUANMIANSHUDEYIDUAN,RANHOUYONGNIEZIJIAZHUXIANWEIYIZHIYUTUYOUGANYOUDEZAIBOPIANSHANG,XIANWEIYIDUANJINKAOZAIBOPIANBIANYUAN,MEIYIZAIBOPIANKEPAICHENGZUOYOULIANGXING,PAITUOHOUYONGLINGYIZAIBOPIANGAISHANG。

(2)JISHU:JIANGZAIBOPIANFANGZAI150-200BEIXIANWEIJINGHUOTOUYINGYIXIAJINXINGZHUGENJISHU,JIXIAMEIPIANZONGGENSHU。

RUXIANWEIJIAOCU,YIKEYONGROUYANZHIJIEJISHU,BUXUZHIPIAN。

LIU、JIEGUOJISUAN

GENJUXIANWEIZHONGDUANZHONGLIANGHEGENSHU,QIUCHUGONGZHIZHISHU(m/g)HEMEIHAOKEGENSHU。

Nm=10n/G1 (4-2)

Ng=n/(Gf+G0) (4-3)

SHIZHONG:Nm GONGZHIZHISHU(m/g);

NgMEIHAOKEXIANWEIGENSHU;

NXIANWEIGENSHU;

GfMIANSHUZHONGDUANXIANWEIZHONGLIANG(mg);

G0MIANSHULIANGDUANXIANWEIZHONGLIANG(mg)。

JISUANJINGQUEDAOXIAOSHUDIANHOUYIWEI。

QI、CEDINGCISHUYUZHONGCE

MEIFENSHIYANGCEDINGLIANGCI。LIANGCICEDINGJIEGUODEGONGZHIZHISHUHUOMEIHAOKEGENSHU,CHAZHICHAOGUOPINGJUNSHUDE5%,XUCONGYUANMIANTIAOZHONGQUYANGZHONGFUCEDINGYICI。DISANCICEDINGJIEGUOHEQIANLIANGCICEDINGJIEGUODECHAZHI,RUGUODENGYUHUOXIAOYUPINGJUNSHUDE5%,ZEYISANCICEDINGJIEGUOPINGJUNZHI。RUGUOYOUYICHAZHIDAYU5%,ZEYOUCHAZHIDENGYUHUOXIAOYU5%DELIANGCICEDINGJIEGUOPINGJUNZHI。RUGUOCHAZHIJUNDAYU5%,YINGJIANCHAYUANYIN,ZHONGXINQUYANGCEDING。

BA、ZHUYISHIXIANG

1、QUYANGSHI,YINGCONGMIANTIAOZONGXIANGCHOUQU,GUODUOHUOGUOSHAOSHI,YIYINGCONGMIANTIAOZONGXIANGSHEQUHUOBUQU。

2、ZAIZHENGLIMIANSHUGUOCHENGZHONG,BUYINGDIUDIAOXIANWEI,ZHENGLIHAODEMIANSHUXIANWEIYINGPINGXINGSHENZHI,QIEQUSHIYAOYUJIABANCHUIZHI,YIBAOCHIQIEQUHOUYINGYOUDEZHANGDU。

1、YONGZHONGDUANCHENGZHONGFACEDINGDEMIANXIANWEIGONGZHIZHISHUSHIFOUYUZHENGGENXIANWEIDEGONGZHIZHISHUXIANGTONG?BINGSHUOMINGYUANYIN。

2、LIYONGQIUDEDEMIANXIANWEIGONGZHIZHISHU,JISUANXIANWEIDETESHUHEDANSHU。