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烘箱法测定纺织纤维水分


时间:2012-04-05 11:21

FANGZHICAILIAODEXISHIHUOFANGSHISHIYIGEPUTONGDEZIRANXIANXIANG,TONGSHIYOUSHIYIGEDONGTAIPINGHENGGUOCHENG。FANGZHICAILIAOFANGSHIPINGHENGSHI,XIZHEDESHUIFENLIANGSHIHENGLIANGFANGZHICAILIAOXISHIXINGDEZHUYAOZHIBIAO。FANGZHICAILIAODEXISHIBUJINHUIYINQICAILIAOBENSHENDEZHONGLIANGBIANHUA,ERQIEHUIYINQIYIXILIEDEXINGZHIBIANHUA,ZHEIDUISHANGPINMAOYI、ZHONGLIANGKONGZHI、XINGZHICEDINGYIJISHENGCHANSHANGJIAGONGDENGDOUHUIYOUYINGXIANG。DADUOSHUFANGZHIXIANWEIXISHIHOUYOUMINGXIANDEHENGXIANGPENGZHANG、GANGXINGJIANGDI,DUANLIESHENZHANGZENGJIA,QIANGDU、MOCA、DAODIANXINGNENGDENGDOUHUIFASHENGBIANHUA,ZHEIXIEXINGZHIBIANHUADUIFANGZHIZHONGGONGGONGYIJICHENGPINZHIZHILIANGHUIZAOCHENGBUTONGCHENGDUDEYINGXIANG。YINCI,ZAIFANGZHISHENGCHANZHONGBIXUHELIKONGZHIGEDAOGONGXUCHEJIANDEWENSHIDU。FANGZHICAILIAOXISHILIANGDUOSHAO,JUEDINGYUFANGZHIXIANWEIDEZHONGLEIHESUOCHUDEDAQITIAOJIAN。YIBANTIANRANXIANWEIXISHIXINGHAO,ERHECHENGXIANWEIJIAOCHA。YINCIZAIZHONGFANGZHICAILIAODEHANSHILIANGSHI,ZHUYAOSHICONGKONGZHIDAQITIAOJIANKAOLV。

FANGZHICAILIAOHANSHILIANGZHIBIAOTONGCHANGYONGHUICHAOLVHEHANSHUILVBIAOSHI。HUICHAOLVWEIWENZHONGJIANGANZHONGYUGANZHONGDEBILV;HANSHUILVWEISHIZHONGJIANGANZHONGYUSHIZHONGDEBILV。FANGZHICAILIAOHANSHILIANGDEZHUYAOZHIBIAOWEIHUICHAOLV(YUANMIANJIANYANZHONGMUQIANYIZHENGXIANGHUICHAOLVZHIBIAOGUODU)。FANGZHICAILIAOZAIBIAOZHUNDAQITIAOJIANXIA(WENDUWEI20+-2oC。XIANGDUIWENDUWEI65%+-2%)DEHUICHAOLV,CHENGWEIBIAOZHUNDAQITIAOJIANHUICHAOLV。GEZHONGXIANWEIZAIBIAOZHUNRENQITIAOJIANXIAHUICHAOLVJIANBIAO6-1。

BIAO6-1 GEZHONGXIANWEIDEBIAOZHUNDAQITIAOJIANXIAHUICHAOLV

纤维种类 回潮率(%) 纤维种类 回潮率(%)
羊毛
蚕丝
棉 粘胶纤维
15------17
12------13
8--------9
7--------8
13-------15
维纶
锦纶
腈纶
涤纶
丙绝对化 、氯纶
4.5----5
4-----5
1.2-----2
0.4
0

GUOJIAWEILEMAOYIHECHENGBENHESUANDENGXUYAO,YOUGUOJIADUIGEZHONGXIANWEIGUIDINGDEHUICHAOLV,CHENGGONGDINGHUICHAOLV(JIANBIAO6-2)。ANHUAGONGDINGHUICHAOLVKEJIAOPIANDEDAODEZHONGLIANGWEIBIAOZHUNZHONGLIANG。

FANGZHIBIAOBANGDEHANWENLIANGCEDINGFANGFADAZHIKEFENWEIZHIJIECEDINGFAHEJIANJIECEDINGFALIANGLEI。ZHIJIECEDINGFASHIFENBIECECHUFANGZHICAILIAODEGANZHONG,JINGJISUANERDE,SHIMUQIANCEDINGFANGZHICAILIAOHUICHAOLVDEJIBENFANGFA。LEISIXIANGFASHIZHEIZHONGFANGFADEDAIBIAO,CIWAIHAIYOUHONGWAIXIANGANZAOFA、GANZAOQIXIGANFA、GAOJIEZHIJIAZHIHEWEIBOJIAREGANZAOFADENG。JIANJIECEDINGFASHILIYONGFANGZHICAILIAOZAIBUTONGHUICHAOLVXIADEDIANZU、JIEDIANXUESHU、JIEDIANSUNHAODENGWULILIANGHEFANGZHICAILIAOZHONGSHUIFENDEGUANXI,JIANJIECELIANGFANGZHICAILIAOZHONGSHUIFENHUIJISHIDEFANGFA。

BIAO6-2GEZHONGXIANWEIDEGONGDINGHUIHULV

纤维种类 公定回潮率(%) 纤维种类 公定回潮率(%)
原棉
洗净细羊毛
洗净粗毛
山羊绒
干毛条
油毛条
桑蚕丝
锦纶
腈纶
涤纶
8.5
16.0
15.0
15.0
18.25
19.0
11.0
4.5
2.0
0.4
苎麻
黄麻
亚麻
粘胶铜氨纤维
铜氨纤维
醋酯纤维
维纶
氨纶
丙纶、氯纶
12.0
14.0
12.0
13.0
13.0
7.0
5.0
1.0
0.0

FANGZHICAILIAODEHANSHILIANGCEDING,BAOKUOSHIYAN6---SHIYAN7,GONG2GESHIYAN。

YI、HONGXIANGFACEDINGFANGZHIXIANWEISHUIFENSHIYANDEMUDEYAOQIU

YONGTIANPINGCHENGDEFANGZHIXIANWEIDESHIZHONG,RANHOUZAIYIDINGHONGXIANGNEIHONGGANFANGZHIXIANWEI,CHENGDEGANZHONG,TONGGUOJISUANQIUCHUFANGZHIXIANWEIDEHUICHAOLVHEHANSHUILV。TONGGUOSHIYANZHANGWOHONGXIANGDEJIBENJIEGOUYUANLIHESHIYONGFANGFA。JIANLIZAITONGCHANGWENSHIDUTIAOJIANXIA,DUIBUTONGFANGZHIXIANWEIHUIHULVDAXIAODECHUBUGAINIAN。

ER、SHIYANYIQIHESHIYANG

SHIYANYIQIWEIY802KXING(Y802KXING KUAISUBALANHONGXIANG )HUOY802LXINGHONGXIANG(Y802LXING BALANHENGWENHONGXIANG)JITIANPING。SHIYANGWEIMIAN、YANGMAO、CANSI、ZHUMA、ZHANJIAOXIANWEI、DILUN、JINLUN、JINGLUN、DENGGEZHONGFANGZHIXIANWEI。

SAN、JIBENZHISHI

LIYONGHONGXIANGFACEDINGFANGZHICAILIAOHUICHAOLVDEJIBENFANGFASHIDIANRESIJIARE,JIANGHONGXIANGNEIKONGQIWENDUSHENGGAOZHIYIDINGZHI,DESHUIFENZHENGFAYUREKONGQIZHONG,QIHONGXIANGNEIREKONGQIZHONGSHUIFENHUIJISHIBUDUANZENGJIA,DEYONGPAIQIZHUANGZHIJIANGSHIREKONGQIPAICHUXIANGWAI,WEIFANGZHICAILIAONEISUOHANSHUIFENBUDUANZHENGFASANSHICHUANGZAOTIAOJIAN。YOUYUFANGZHICAILIAONEISHUIFENBUDUANZHENGFAHESANSHI,ZHONGLIANGBUDUANJIANSHAO,DANGZHONGLIANGHONGGANBUBIANSHI,JIWEIFANGZHICAILIAODEGANZHONG。GENJUGUOJIBIAOZHUNGUIDING,HONGXIANGYINGSHIYONGTONGFENGHONGXIANG,GONGJIYUGANZAOKONGQI(SHUIFENHUIJISHIXIAOYU0.01g/cm3),HONGXIANGNEIDEQILIUSULVWEI4minNEIZHISHAOWEIXIANGNEITIJIDE1BEI。

GUONEIDEHONGXIANGZHUYAOWEIY802AXINGHEY802AXINGLIANGZHONG。Y802XINGBALANHENGWENHONGXIANGSHIDUILIUSHITONGFENGXIANG,TONGFENGLIANGHAO,QUEDIANSHIXIANGNEIWENDUCHAYIJIAODA,ZAICHENGZHONGSHIYOUQILIUYINGXIANG,DANJIBENSHANGTONGFENGDEYAOQIU。Y802AXINGBALANHENGWENHONGXIANGSHIBANFENGBISHIHONGXIANG,HONGXIANGNEIYONGYIGEFENGSHANTUIDONGKONGQIZAIXIANGNEILIUDONG,XIANGNEIWAITONGFENGBULIANG,BUNENGHUANQI,GONGYOUBUFENSHIREKONGQIYINSHOUREPAICHUPENGZHANGWAISHIYANGZHONGZHENGFADESHUIFENDABUFENLIUZAIHONGXIANGNEI,BUNENGSANFA,SUOYIXIANGNEISHIQIDEXIANGDUIWENDUPIANGAO,SHIYANGZHONGZHENGFACHUDESHUIFENDABUFENLIUZAIHONGXIANGNEI,BUNENGSANFA,SUOYIXIANGNEISHIQIDEXIANGDUIWENDUPIANGAO,CEDEHUICHAOLVPIANDI。

1.HONGXIANGDEJIEGOU Y802KXINGKUAISUHONGXIANGDEJIEGOURUTU6-1SUOSHI。TAYOUJIAREBUFEN、QIANGZHITONGFENGXITONG、WENDUKONGZHIBUFEN、CHENGZHONGBUFENHEQITAFUZHUBUFENZUCHENG。JIAREBUFEN1SHIYOUFARELIANGJIAODADEDIANRESIZUCHENG,YONGLAISHENGGAOXIANGNEIDEKONGQIWENDU。QIANGZHITONGFENGXITONGKEYISHISHIYANGKUAISUPINGHENG,DANGMIANXIANGNEIWENDUDADAOGUIDINGZHISHI,YOUZHINENGWENKONGQIJIARESITINGZHIJIARE,DAIXIANGNEIGUIDINGWENDUBIGUIDINGWENDUJIANGDISHI,ZAIYOUWENDUKONGZHIBUFENSHIDIANRESIJIARE,DANGFANGZHICAILIAOHONGGANSHI,KEJIANGZHUANGYOUSHIYANGDELVHONGLAN3FANGZAILIANTIAOTIANPING4DEZUOFANGCHIGOU5SHANG,ZAITIANPINGYOUFANGCHENGPAN6NEIFANGSHANGSHIDANGZHONGLIANGMAHEZENGJIANTIAOZHUANGZHI7DELIANTIAOZHONGLIANG,CHENGLIANGSHIYANGGANZHONG。HONGXIANGQITAFUZHUBUFENBAOKUOLVHONGLANZHUANDONGZHUANGZHI8HEPAIQIZHUANGZHIDENG。

仪器来源:

Y802KXING KUAISUBALANHONGXIANG

仪器来源:

Y802LXING BALANHENGWENHONGXIANG

2.WENDUKONGZHIBUFEN

HONGXIANGZHUYAOYOULIANTIAOTIANPING、XIANGTI、DIANREKONGZHIZHUANGZHI、GONGZUOSHINEIDEDIAOLANJIGUALANXUANZHUANJIEGOUDENGBUFENZUCHENG。

WEISHIHONGXIANGGONGZUOSHIWENDUJUNYUNJITIGAOPAISHIXIAOGUO,ZHUANGYOUFENGSHANDUIGONGZUOSHINEIKONGQISHIXINGQIANGZHIXUNHUAN,BINGZAIXIANGTISHANGBUPEIYOUKEDIAOPAIQIKOU,DIAOZHENGPAIQIKOUKAIKOUDEDAXIAO,JIKEDIAOJIEGONGZUOSHINEIHUANQILV。

YOUYUREGUANXING,HONGXIANGDAODASHEDINGWENDU,ZONGSHIYAOGUOCHONG。LIRU:SHEDINGWENDUWEI105℃,DAODA105SHIWENDUHAIHUISHANGSHENG,YOUDEHONGXIANGSHENZHIHUISHANGCHONGJIDUCAIKAISHIMANMANHUIDAO105℃,YOUDEHONGXIANGXIANSHIWENDUYUXIANGNEISHIJIWENDUYOUCHAYI,WEILEJIEJUEZHEIGEWENTI,BENHONGXIANGCAIYONGZHINENGHUAPIDKONGZHIWENKONGQI,JIAOHAODEJIEJUELE“GUOCHONG”JI“XIANSHIWENDUYUSHIJIWENDUCHA”DEWENTI。

3.HONGXIANGWENDU FANGZHICAILIAODEHONGGANWENDUSUIXIANWEIZHONGLEIBUTONGERGAIBIAN。JIZHONGXIANWEISUOGUIDINGDEHONGXIANGNEIWENDUFANWEIJIANBIAO6-3

SI、SHIYANFANGFAHECHENGXU

1.XIAOZHENGLIANTIAOTIANPING(JIANTU6-1),DIAOJIEJIECHUSHIDUJIDEJIECHUDIANZAIGUIDINGFANWEI。KAIQIHONGXIANGDIANYUANZONGKAIGUAN,GONGHONGXIANGNEIJIARE。

2.CONGSHIYANGBUYANG,FANGZAITIANPINGSHANGCHENGZHONG,MEIGESHIYANGZHONGLIANGWEI50g,CHENGQUSHI,DONGZUOBIXUMINJIE,FANGZHISHIYANGZAIKONGQIZHONGXISHIHUOFANGSHI。

BIAO6-3JIGUIDINGDEHONGXIANGNEIWENDUFANWEI

纤维种类 烘箱温度范围(Y802型,oC)
蚕丝
腈纶
氯纶
其他纤维
140+-5
110+-3
70+-2
105+-3(半封闭式Y802A型烘箱为105---110)

3.JIANGCHENGHAODEFANGSHIYANGYONGSHOUCHESONG,CHEYANGSHIXIAMIANFANGYIZHANGGUANGMIANZHI,CHELUODEZAZHIHEDUANXIANWEIYINGQUANBUFANGHUISHIYANGZHONG。

4.QUXIALIANTIAOTIANPINGZUOFANGFAMAPANHEFANGPANDEJIAZI,HUANSHANGGUAGOUHELVHONGLAN,XIAOZHENGLIANTIAOTIANPINGZHIPINGHENG。

5.CONGXIANGNEIQUCHULVHONGLAN,JIANGSONGBINGCHENGZHUNDEXIANWEISHIYANGFANGRULVHONGLANZHONG,DAIXIANGNEIFANRONGCHANGSHENGZHIGUIDINGWENDUSHI,JIANGLVHONGLANFANGRUXIANGNEIJINXINGHONGGAN,YIBINGJILURUXIANGSHIJIAN。

6.SHIYANGRUXIANGWENDINGHOU,JIANGQIKONGGUANBIYIBAN,NEISHIKONGQIJINLIANGPAICHUXIANGWAI。

7.JIANGSHIYANGZHI90min。GUANBIZONGDIANYUANTING1min,JINXINGDIYICIXIANGNEICHENGZHONG,BINGZUOHAOJILU,CHENGZHONGWANBIHOUZAIKAIQIZONGDIANYUAN,NEIJIECHUSHIDUJIDEZHIGUIDINGWENDUHOUJIXUHONG10minJINXINGDIERCICHENGZHONG,ZHONGLIANGZHICHAYUHOUYICIZHONGLIANGZHIBIXIAOYU0.05%SHI,ZEHOUYICIZHONGLIANGJIWEIGANZAOZHONGLIANG。

YIBANSHIYANGGANZAOZHONGLIANGJUNZAIXIANGNEICHENGZHONG,DANMIANZHANGYANYONGXIANGWAIRECHENGGANZHONGDEFANGFA,QIEZAIHONGZHI45minSHI,KAIXIANGQUCHUSHIYANG,JIANGSHIYANGHENGCHENGLIANGDUAN,SHISHANGDUANCHENGWEIDI,XIADUANMIANDANSHANG,RENGFANGRUHONGXIANGNEIJIXUHONGGAN。ZAIFANYANGSHI,XIAMIANBIXUFANGGUANGMIANZHI,JIANGLUOXIADEZAZHIHEDUANXIANWEIRENGFANGRUSHIYANGZHONG,ZAIHONG45min。JINGGUOHONGGAN90minHOU,XUNSUQUCHUSHIYANGJINXINGTANWUSHOUHUI WAIRECHENGGANZHONG(ZAIXINZHIDINGDEGUOJIABIAOZHUNZHONGYUANMIANXIANGWAICHENGGANZHONGGAIWEIXIANGNEIGANZHONG)。

8.JISUANXIANWEIDEHUICHAOLVHEHANSHUILV,XIANWEIZHONGLIANGHEHUICHAOLV、HANSHUILVJISUANJUNZHIXIAOSHUDIANHOUDIERWEI。

WU、ZHUYISHIXIANG

1.XIANGNEIGEBUWEICHAOGUOGUIDINGWENDUKONGZHIBUFEN±10C.

2. LIANTIAOTIANPINGZAIJIAJIANFAMAHEQUFANGSHIYANGSHI,BIXUJIANGTIANPINGSHAZHU。

3. CHENGSHIYANGGANZHONGSHI,BIXUJIANGHONGXIANGZONGDIANYUANGUANBI。

4. XIANWEIHUICHAOLVRUGUOCAIYONGY802KXINGKUAISUHONGXIANGXIAOLVHUITIGAOHAOJIBEI。

思考题

1.HONGXIANGDEGEZHUYAOZUCHENGBUFENJIQIZUOYONGRUHE?

2. CONGSHIYANJIEGUOGUINACHUXIANWEIZHONGLEIYUXISHIXINGNENGJIANDEGUANXI。