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纱线线密度测试


时间:2012-04-05 09:52

1GAISHU

SHAXIANXIANMIDUSHIMIAOSHUSHAXIANCUXICHENGDUDECHANGYONGZHIBIAOZHIYI,FADINGDANWEIWEITEKESI (tex),JIMEIQIANMI(km)SHAXIAN(HUODANSI)SUOJUYOUDEGONGDINGZHONGLIANG(g)。SHAXIANXIANMIDUJUEDINGZHIWUDEPINZHONG、YONGTU、FENGGEHEWULIJIXIEXINGZHI。SHAXIANXIANMIDUCESHIYAOQUEDINGSHIYANGDEZHANGDU、ZHILIANG,QIZHONGZHANGDUCEDINGYONGKUANGJIASHICEZHANGYI,ZHILIANGCEDINGYONGDENGBEITIANPINGHUODIANZITIANPING。

2 MUDEYUYAOQIU

TONGGUOCESHI,ZHANGWOSHAXIANXIANMIDUDECESHIFANGFA,PEIYANGSHULIANSHIYONGYIQIDENENGLI,LEJIEYINGXIANGSHAXIANXIANMIDUCESHIJIEGUODEYINSU,BINGXUEHUIGEXIANGZHIBIAODEJISUANFANGFA。

3 CAIYONGBIAOZHUN

3.1 CAIYONGBIAOZHUN:GB/T 4743、ISO 2060.2《FANGZHIPIN JUANZHUANGSHA SHAXIANXIANMIDUDECEDINGJIAOSHAFA》

3.2 XIANGGUANBIAOZHUN:GB 6529《FANGZHIPINDEDIAOSHIHESHIYANYONGBIAOZHUNDAQI》、GB/T 9995《FANGZHICAILIAOHANSHUILVHEHUICHAOLVDECEDINGHONGXIANGGANZAOFA》、GB/T 9994《FANGZHICAILIAOGONGDINGHUICHAOLV》、GB/T 6503《HECHENGXIANWEIZHANGSIHUICHAOLVSHIYANFANGFA》、GB/T 6502《HECHENGXIANWEIZHANGSIQUYANGFANGFA》、 FZ/T 10035《FANGZHICAILIAOBIAOSHIXIANMIDUDETONGYONGZHI(TEKESIZHI)》、FZ/T 01015、ISO 6741-1《FANGZHIXIANWEIHESHAXIANJIAOFUHUOWUSHANGYEZHILIANGDECEDINGZHILIANGDECEDINGHEJISUAN》DENG。

4 YIQIYUYONGJU

4.1LVSHACEZHANGYI(TU23-1WEIYG086XINGLVSHACEZHANGYI)。

YIQILAIYUAN:

YG086XING LVSHACEZHANGYI

4.2 TONGFENGSHIKUAISUHONGXIANG(TU23—2WEIY802KXINGTONGFENGSHIKUAISUHONGXIANG),LIANTIAOTIANPINGHUODIANZITIANPING(LINGMINDUWEI1mgHUO10mg)。

YIQILAIYUAN:

Y802KXING KUAISUBALANHONGXIANG

5 YUANLI

LVSHACEZHANGYIYOUDANPIANWEIJIKONGZHI,KEYISHEDINGRAOQUQUANSHU,MEIQUAN(SHAKUANGZHOUZHANG)YIMI,YUJIAZHANGLIKEYIDIAOJIE,YIQIQIDONGHOUDIANJIDAIDONGSHAKUANGZHUANDONG,ANGUIDINGRAOQUYIDINGZHANGDUDELVSHA(YIJIAO),ZHULVCHENGZHONGZUOWEISHIYANG。RANHOUJIANGRAOQUDELVSHATONGGUOTONGFENGSHIKUAISUHONGXIANGHONGGAN,ZAIXIANGTINEIDUISHIYANGJINXINGCHENGZHONG,ZUIHOUGENJUCEDEZHILIANGJISUANSHAXIANDEXIANMIDU。

6 QUYANG

6.1 ZAIFANGZHIYANGPINHUICHAOLVBIANHUADEQIANTIXIA,CAIQUSUIJIQUYANGDEFANGSHICHOUQUYANGPIN。SHENGCHANQIYEYAOGENJUCHANGNEICESHIZHOUQIDEXUYAOJITONGYIPINZHONGSHEBEISHULIANGDEDUOSHAO,ANZHAO“ZAIYIGEZHOUQINEIPUBIANJIANKONGDAO”DEYUANZEHELIANPAIQUYANG。

6.2 MAOYIQUYANGSHULIANGKEYIGENJUCHANPINBIAOZHUNDEGUIDINGHUOYOUGUANXIEYICHOUQU。ZAIWUCIFANGMIANBIAOZHUNDEQINGKUANGXIA,YINGGENJUDUICESHIJIEGUOYAOQIUDEJINGMIDUHEGAILVSHUIPING,LIYONGSHULITONGJIFANGFAJISUANQUEDING。

7 SHIYANG

7.1 ZHANGSISHAZHISHAOCESHI4GEJUANZHUANG,DUANXIANSHAZHISHAO10GEJUANZHUANG。MEIGEJUANZHUANGZHISHAOYAOQU1LVSHA。

7.2 RUYAOJISUANXIANMIDUBIANYIXISHU,ZEZHISHAOYINGCE20GESHIYANG。

8 HUANJINGJIXIUZHENG

DIAOSHIHECESHIYONGBIAOZHUNDAQIANGB 6529GUIDINGDEERJIBIAOZHUN,FEIBIAOZHUNDAQIAN《SI HONGXIANGFACEDINGFANGZHICAILIAOSHUIFEN》ZHONG14XIANGXIUZHENGHUOGENJUCHANPINBIAOZHUNGUIDING。JIANGSHIYANGFANGZAIBIAOZHUNYAOQIUDAQIZHONGZUOYUDIAOSHI,SHIJIANBUSHAOYU4h,RANHOUBAOLUYUSHIYANYONGBIAOZHUNDAQIZHONG24h,HUOBAOLUZHISHAO30min,ZHILIANGBIANHUABUDAYU0.1%。

9 CHENGXUYUCAOZUO

9.1 CONGSHAXIANJUANZHUANGZHONGTUIRAO,CHUQUKAITOUJIMI,BINGJIANGSHAXIANTOUYINRUDAOLVSHACEZHANGYI(JIANTU23—1)DESHAKUANGSHANG,QIDONGYIQI,YAOCHULVSHA,ZUOWEIDAICESHIYANG。SHAXIANZHANGDUYAOQIURUBIAO23—1SUOSHI。JUANRAOSHIYINGANBIAO23—2YAOQIUSHEZHIYIDINGDEJUANRAOZHANGLI。

BIAO23—1 LVSHAZHANGDUYAOQIU

纱线(tex) 低于12.5 12.5~100 大于100
缕纱长度(m) 200 100 10

BIAO23—2 YAO SHA ZHANG LI

纱线品种 非变形纱及膨体纱 针织绒和粗纺毛纱 其他变形纱
张力要求(cN/tex) 0.50.1 0.250.05 1.00.2

9.2 CONGCEZHANGYISHANGQUXIALVSHA,DUIMEILVSHAYICICHENGZHONG,BINGCHENGZONGZHILIANG(JINGQUEZHI0.01g)。

9.2.1 CELIANGDIAOSHISHAXIANDEXIANMIDU:ZHIJIECHENGLIANGDIAOSHICESHILVSHADEZHILIANG。

9.2.2 CELIANGHONGGANSHAXIANDEXIANMIDU:KAIQIDIANYUANKAIGUAN,ANBIAO23-3SHEDINGHONGZAOWENDU,ANXIAHONGZAOQIDONGANJIAN,JIANGSHIYANGHONGZHIHENGZHONG。CHENGZHONGSHIGUANDUANJIAREDIANYUANHETONGFENGQILIU(ANXIAHONGZAOTINGZHIANJIAN),YONGGOULANQIGOUZHUHONGLAN,1minHOUKAISHIZHULANCHENGZHONG,10minNEICHENGWAN,JILUMEIGESHIYANGZHILIANG;JIXUHONGZAO,JIANGEYIDINGSHIJIANHOUZAIJINXINGDIERCICHENGZHONG,DANGLIANGCICHENGZHONGDEZHILIANGBIANHUA≤0.05%SHI,KEYIRENWEIYIJINGHONGGANZHIHENGZHONG。

BIAO23-3 BUTONGCAILIAOSHIYANGHONGZAOWENDUYAOQIU

材 料 腈纶 氯纶 桑蚕丝 其他所有纤维
烘燥温度(℃) 1102 772 1402 1052

9.2.3 CELIANGGONGDINGHUICHAOLVXIADESHAXIANXIANMIDU:BUZHOUTONG9.2.2。RUGUOGONGJIHONGXIANGDEDAQITIAOJIANBUSHIBIAOZHUNDAQITIAOJIANSHI,AN《SIHONGXIANGFACEDINGFANGZHICAILIAOSHUIFEN》ZHONG14XIANGXIUZHENG。

9.2.4 CELIANGXIJINGSHAXIANDIAOSHIHOUDEXIANMIDU:JIANGLVSHAAN14XIANGXIJING,LIANGGAN,YUDIAOSHI。DIAOSHIHOU,CHENGZHONG。

9.2.5 CELIANGXIJINGSHAXIANHONGGANXIANMIDU:JIANGLVSHAAN14XIANG“XIJINGSHAXIANQUCHUZHENGLIWUZHIDEFANGFA”XIJING,LIANGGANHOU,BUZHOUTONG9.2.2。

9.2.6 CELIANGXIJINGSHAXIANDAIGONGDINGHUICHAOLVHEDAISHANGYEYUNTIEDEXIANMIDU:BUZHOUTONG9.2.5。

10 JIEGUOJISUAN

10.1 DIAOSHISHAXIANDEXIANMIDU (tex)=(23—1

10.2 HONGGANSHAXIANDEXIANMIDU(tex)=(23—2)

10.3 GONGDINGHUICHAOXIAHUODAISHANGYEYUNTIEDESHAXIANDEXIANMIDU(tex)= (23—3)

式中:R——纱线的公定回潮率,%;

k——纱线的商业允贴,%。

对于混纺纱线,R、K由所含纤维各自的商业回潮率及其含量(烘干质量)比例加权计算而得。此比例是已知的,或由GB/T 2910、GB/T 2911或FZ/T 01026分析测定。应注意:各国对于回潮率规定并不一致,我国常见纱线的公定回潮率见表23—4。

BIAO23—4 CHANGYONGSHAXIANDEGONGDINGHUICHAOLV

纱 线 种 类 公定回潮率(%) 纱 线 种 类 公定回潮率(%)
棉纱线 8.5 粘胶纱及长丝 13.0
亚、苎麻纱 12.0 锦纶纱及长丝 4.5
黄麻 14.0 涤纶纱及长丝 0.4
精梳毛纱 16.0 腈纶纱及长丝 2.0
粗梳毛纱 15.0 维纶纱 5.0
毛绒线、针织绒 15.0 氨纶丝 1.3
绢纺蚕丝 11.0 涤棉混纺纱(65/35) 3.2

10.4 XIANMIDUBIANYIXISHUJISUAN:

(23--4)

SHIZHONG:-- MEILVSHAZHILIANGDEPINGJUNZHI;

-- 测试缕纱数(n≥20);

-- MEILVSHADEZHILIANG。

11 CESHIBAOGAO

11.1 JILU:SHIYANGMINGCHENG、BIANHAO、YUANLIAO、QUYANGFANGFA、YIQIXINGHAO、CHENGZHONGFANGFA、CESHIRIQI、PIANLIXIJIEDENG。

11.2 JISUAN:GEZHONGHUICHAOLVXIASHAXIANDEXIANMIDU。

12 XIANGGUANZHISHI

12.1 DANGSHAXIANSHIYANGZHANGDUYOUXIANHUOBUYIYONGLVSHAFASHI,KECAIYONGCEZHANGCHENGZHONGFA。JIJIANGDIAOSHIHOUDESHIYANGSHIJIAYIDINGDEZHANGLISHIQISHENZHI,LIANGQUZHANGDU,CHENGZHONG,JISUAN。

12.2 LVSHAFAZHONGSHIYONGYIQIDEZHUYISHIXIANG:LVSHACEZHANGYIYUKONGZHIXITONGYOUMIQIEGUANXI,SHIYONGZHONGYAOQIUJISHUZHUNQUE、QITINGPINGWEN、QUANSHUBUNENGYOUGUOCHONG,SHAKUANGZHOUZHANGYAOZHUNQUE、ZHANGLIJIGOUYAOLINGHUODENG(DINGQIBAOYANG、XIAOZHUN),CESHISHIHAIYAOZHANGWOHAOZHUANSU,QIEJIAHESHIDEZHANGLI,XIANMIDUCEDECAIZHUNQUE。

12.3 SHANGYEHUICHAOLV:DANGJISUANXIANMIDUHESHANGYEZHILIANG(FANGZHICAILIAOZAIJIAOHUOSHIJIESUANDEZHILIANG)SHI,YUFANGZHICAILIAOHONGGANZHILIANGBINGYONGDEYIGEYUEDINGZHI,CIYUEDINGZHIBEIZHENGSHICAIYONGWEIHUICHAOLV。GUONEISHIYONGDESHANGYEHUICHAOLVANZHAOGB 9994DEGUIDING,GUOJISHANGSHIYONGDESHANGYEHUICHAOLVHESHANGYEYUNTIEANZHAOFZ/T 01015FULUALIEBIAO。

12.4 GONGDING(SHANGYE)HUICHAOLV:WEIMAOYI、JIJIA、DINGLIANGDENGXUYAOERGUIDINGDEHUICHAOLV,CHUNSHUWEIGONGZUOFANGBIANERYUEDING,TABIAOSHIZHESUANSHANGYE(GONGDING)ZHILIANGSHIYAOJIADAOGANZAOZHILIANGSHANGDESHUIFENLIANGDUIGANZAOZHILIANGDEBAIFENLV。TONGCHANGGONGDINGHUICHAOLVSHAOGAOYUBIAOZHUNHUICHAOLVHUOQUQISHANGXIAN。GONGDINGHUICHAOLVZAIGUOJISHANGTONGCHANGCHENGWEISHANGYEHUICHAOLV,WOGUOYOUXIEZILIAOHEBIAOZHUNZHONGYECAIYONGSHANGYEHUICHAOLVDEMINGCHENG,CIWAIGUOJISHANGDUISHANGYEHUICHAOLVDEGUIDINGBINGBUYIZHI,WOGUODUIGEZHONGFANGZHICAILIAODEGONGDINGHUICHAOLVZAIGB 9994ZHONGDOUYOUGUIDING。

12.5 SHANGYEYUNTIE:SHANGYEHESUANSHIGUIDINGDEYUNXUTIEXIANLV,BIAOSHIZHESUANSHANGYEZHILIANGSHIYAOJIADAOYICUIQUBINGGANZAODECAILIAODEZHILIANGSHANGDESHUIFENHECUIQUWULIANGDUIYICUIQUBINGGANZAODECAILIAODEZHILIANGDEBAIFENLV。

12.6 XIANMIDUJISUANJULI:XIANMIDUBAOLIUYIWEIXIAOSHU。

SHIJIXIANMIDU/tex= +GONGDINGHUICHAOLV)

LI1:30LVMIANSHADEHONGGANZHONGLIANGWEI76.84g,QIUQIXIANMIDU

JIE:SHIJIXIANMIDU/tex= tex

LI2: 30LVDIMIAN(65/35)HUNFANGSHADEHONGGANZHONGLIANGWEI55.03g,QIUQIXIANMIDU

JIE:SHIJIXIANMIDU/tex= tex

ANGB/T9995DEGUIDING,RUGUOGONGJIHONGXIANGDEDAQITIAOJIANBUSHIBIAOZHUNDAQITIAOJIANSHI,XUCANYUE《SI HONGXIANGFACEDINGFANGZHICAILIAOSHUIFEN》XIUZHENG。

12.7 MIAOSHUSHAXIANCUXICHENGDUDEZHIBIAOCHUXIANMIDUWAI,HAIYOUYINGZHIZHISHUHEGONGZHIZHISHU。MAOXINGSHAXIANCHANGCAIYONGGONGZHIZHISHU,MIANXINGSHAXIANCHANGYONGYINGZHIZHISHUBIAOSHI。

12.8 Y802KXINGTONGFENGSHIKUAISUHONGXIANGDETUIGUANG,SHIXIANMIDUDECEDINGXIAOLVTIGAOLEHENDUO;DIANZITIANPINGDELINGWEISUIRANRONGYISHOUWENDUYINGXIANGCHANSHENGPIAOYI,DANJINNIANLAISUIZHEJISHUFAZHAN、KEKAOXINGDETIGAO,ZHEIZHONGPIAOYIYIDEDAOLEYOUXIAOKONGZHI,JIAZHISHOUJIADEJIANGDI,DIANZITIANPINGYOUTIDAILIANTIAOTIANPINGDEQUSHI。

13 SIKAOTI

13.1 YINGXIANGXIANMIDUCEDINGJIEGUODEYINSUSHISHENME?

13.2 SHITUIDAOXIANMIDU、GONGZHIZHISHU、YINGZHIZHISHUJIANDEXIANGHUGUANXI。

14 XIJINGSHAXIANQUCHUZHENGLIWUZHIDEFANGFA

14.1 YUANLI

LVSHAYINGZAINENGQUCHUSUOYOUDEYOU、ZHENGLIJIHUOQITAWUZHIDETIAOJIANXIAZHULIAN,ZHEIXIEWUZHIZAIDUIYONGZHEIZHONGSHAXIANZHICHENGDEZHIWUSHIJIAGONGGUOCHENGZHONGTONGCHANGSHIHUIBEIQUCHUDE。DANGYONGYIZHONGHUODUOZHONGDUIBEISHIYANDEXIANWEIWUPENGZHANGZUOYONGDEHESHIDEZHENGLIJICUIQUSHAXIAN,ERXIANSHICANLIUZHENGLIJIXIAOYU0.1%SHI,JIURENWEIYIDADAOCITIAOJIAN。

14.2 SHIJIHESHEBEI

14.2.1 ZHONGXINGDEZAOPIANHUOXIDIJI。

14.2.2 RUANSHUI、ZHENGLIUSHUIHUOTUOKUANGZHISHUI。

14.2.3 SHUIGUO,YONGKANGFUSHICAILIAOZHICHENG,NENGYIJIARE,ZHUANGYOUPAISHUIHERUANSHUIGONGYINGSHEBEI,BINGNENGYOUYILIUCHONGXI。

14.2.4 GUNTONGYASHUIQIHUOLIXINTUOSHUIQI。

14.2.5 KOUDAI,YONGYITUIJIANGPIAOBAI、KEYISHISHIYANJIAOSHAFANGZAILIMIANNENGXINGCHENGDUOKONGSONGSANDEKOUDAI,ZHEIXIEKOUDAIYIYUXIANJINGZHULIANBINGYIZHIHONGGANZHONGLIANG。

14.2.6 HONGXIANG、TIANPING。

14.3 CHENGXUYUCAOZUO

14.3.1BALVSHAFANGRUKOUDAI,ZHEIKOUDAIDEHONGGANZHONGLIANGSHIYIZHIDE。BAGEGEZHUANGYOULVSHADEKOUDAIJINRUSHUIGUONEI,GUONEIMEIKEBEIZHULIANDELVSHABIXUZHISHAOYOU25mlSHUI,MEISHENGSHUILIYAOHANYOU0.5gZHONGXINGZAOHUODENGXIAOLIANGDEQITAXIDIJI。SHUIGUOBAOCHIZHUFEIJIAODONGZHUANGTAI30min。ZHULIANHOU,YONG753℃DERUANSHUIYILIUCHONGXI,ZHIDAOQUCHUSUOYOUBIAOMIANFUGOUWEIZHI。

ZHU:RUGUOYIZHIZHUFEIDUISHIYANZHONGDEXIANWEIYOUSUNHAI,ZEXIDIYEDEWENDUYINGJINGYOUGUANDESHUANGFANGTONGYI。

14.3.2 PAICHUGUOLIANGYETI,YAGAN,RANHOUYONG75℃RUANSHUIBIANJIAOBANBIANCHEDICHONGXI10min。ZHONGFUYASHUIHEYONG75℃RUANSHUIBIANJIAOBANBIANCHONGXI10min。ZAICIZHONGFUYASHUIHEYONGSHIWENRUANSHUIBIANJIAOBANBIANCHONGXI10min。BALVSHAZUIHOUYICIYASHUI。

14.3.3 JIANYANZHULIANDEXIAOGUO

YONGYIZHONGBUNENGRONGJIEBEISHIYANDEXIANWEIDERONGJI,CUIQUYIXIEYIZHULIANHONGGANDESHAXIAN,YOUCILAIJIANYANZHULIANDEXIAOGUO。RUGUODEDAODEKECUIQUWUZHIDELIANGCHAOGUO0.1%,ZEBIXUGAIJINZHULIANDEXIAOGUO,YONGGENGDUOHUOGENGHAODEXIDIJI,JIAOGAODEWENDU,JIAOJULIEDEJIAOBAN,JIAOZHANGDESHIJIANHUODIERCIZHULIANJIAYIGAIJIN。

ZHU:DANGXIANSHICHUDANYOUCUIQUDEDAODEJIEGUOYUYOUZHULIANCHENGXUDEDAODEKEKAOJIEGUOERZHEXIANGTONGHUOERZHEYOUYICHANGSHUBISHI,CUIQUKEYIYONGYUYIZHICHANPINDECHANGGUISHIYAN,DANSHIDUIXINCAILIAOHUOWEIZHICAILIAO,BUYAOYICUIQUDAITIZHULIAN。