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纱线捻度测试


时间:2012-04-01 13:49

1 GAISHU

DUANXIANWEIWEILEFANGZHICHENGSHAXUYAOJIANIAN,ZHANGSIWEILEBIANYUJIAGONGHUOTIGAOJINMIDUYEXUYAOJIANIAN,NIANDUDUISHAXIANDEJIEGOU、WULIXINGNENG、ZHIWUDEFENGGEJICHENGYIDEFUYONGXINGNENGYOUZHEZHIJIEYINGXIANG,TASHIPINGDINGCHANPINDENGJIDEZHUYAOYIJU。SHAXIANNIANDUDECESHIFANGFAYOU:ZHIJIEJISHUFA、TUINIANJIANIANFA。QIZHONGTUINIANJIANIANFAYOUFENWEI:TUINIANJIANIANAFA、TUINIANJIANIANBFA、SANCITUINIANJIANIANFA。ZHIJIEJISHUFASHIYONGYUDUANXIANWEIDANSHA、YOUNIANFUSI、GUXIAN、LANXIAN;TUINIANJIANIANFASHIYONGYUMIAN、MAO、SI、MAJIQIHUNFANGXIANWEIDEDANSHA。

2 MUDEYUYAOQIU

TONGGUODUISHAXIANNIANDUDECESHI,LEJIESHAXIANNIANDUYIDEJIBENJIEGOUHEGONGZUOYUANLI,ZHANGWOYIQIDECAOZUOFANGFAHEQUYANGYAOQIU,LIJIEGEXIANGZHIBIAODEHANYI。

3 CAIYONGBIAOZHUN

3.1 CAIYONGBIAOZHUN:GB/T 2543.1、ISO 2061《FANGZHIPIN SHAXIANNIANDUDECEDING DI1BUFEN:ZHIJIEJISHUFA》、GB/T 2543.2、ISO/DIS 17202《FANGZHIPIN SHAXIANNIANDUDECEDING DIERBUFEN:TUINIANJIANIANFA》、GB/T 14345《HECHENGXIANWEIZHANGSINIANDUSHIYANFANGFA》。

3.2 XIANGGUANBIAOZHUN:FZ/T 10001《QILIUSHANIANDUDECEDING TUINIANJIANIANFA》DENGFANGFABIAOZHUNJIQIHANGAIDECHANPINBIAOZHUN,GB 6529《FANGZHIPINDEDIAOSHIHESHIYANYONGBIAOZHUNDAQI》、GUOWAIXIANGGUANDEASTM D 1422、D 1423、AS 2001.1.2.14、BS 2085、JIS L 1095、CAN/CGSB-4.2N0.8、BISFADENGBIAOZHUN。

4 YIQIYUYONGJU

4.1 Y331LNXINGSHAXIANNIANDUYI(RUTU27—1SUOSHI,XIJIEJIANTU37—1,Y331ASHAXIANNIANDUYIJUBU)。

4.2 FENXIZHEN。

YIQILAIYUAN:

Y331LN/PCXING SHUZISHISHAXIANNIANDUYI

5 YUANLI

5.1 ZHIJIEJISHUFASHIZHIZAIGUIDINGDEZHANGLIXIA,JIAZHUYIDINGZHANGDUSHIYANGDELIANGDUAN,XUANZHUANSHIYANGYIDUAN,TUIQUSHIYANGDENIANDU,ZHIZHISHIYANGGOUCHENGDANYUANPINGXINGSHICEDENIANHUISHUDEFANGFA。TUIQUDENIANSHUJIWEIGAIZHANGDUSHAXIANSHIYANGDENIANHUISHU。

5.2 TUINIANJIANIANFASHICEDINGNIANDUDEJIANJIEFANGFA。TUINIANJIANIANAFASHIZAIYIDINGZHANGLIXIA,YONGJIACHIQIJIAZHUYIZHIZHANGDUBEICESHIYANGSHAXIANDELIANGDUAN,JINGTUINIANHEFANXIANGJIANIANHOU,SHIYANGHUIFUDAOQISHIZHANGDUSUOXUNIANHUISHUDE50%JIWEIGAIZHANGDUXIADESHAXIANNIANHUISHU;TUINIANJIANIANBFASHIZAIDIYIGESHIYANGANAFACESHIDEJICHUSHANG,DIERGESHIYANGANDIYIGESHIYANGCEDEDENIANHUISHUDE1/4JINXINGTUINIAN,RANHOUJIANIANZHICHUSHIZHANGDU,YIBIMIANYINYUJIAZHANGLIJIYIWAIQIANSHENERYINQIDECELIANGWUCHA。SANCITUINIANJIANIANFAYIBANSHIYONGYUQILIUFANGSHADECHANPIN。

6 QUYANG

GENJUCHANPINBIAOZHUNHUOXIEYIDEYOUGUANGUIDINGCHOUQUYANGPIN,CHANPINBIAOZHUNHUOXIEYIZHONGMEIYOUGUIDINGDEANBIAO27-1GUIDINGCHOUQU。

BIAO27-1 PILIANGYANGPINQUYANG

一批或一次装载货物的箱数 ≤3 4~10 11~30 31~74 ≥75
随机抽取的最少箱数 1 2 3 4 5

7 HUANJINGJIXIUZHENG

XIANGDUISHIDUDEBIANHUAHUIYINQIMOUXIECAILIAOSHIYANGZHANGDUDEBIANHUA,CONGERDUINIANDUYOUJIANJIEYINGXIANG。YINCIDIAOSHIJICESHIYONGDAQIYINGFUHEGB 6529DEGUIDING。

8 SHIYANG

8.1 YINGYISHIJINENGZUODAODEZUIXIAOQIANYINLILICONGJUANZHUANGDEWEIDUANHUOCEMIANQUCHUSHIYANG。WEILEBIMIANBULIANGSHADUAN,SHEQIJUANZHUANGDESHIDUANHEWEIDUANGESHUMIZHANG。

8.2 RUGUOCONGTONGYIGEJUANZHUANGZHONGQUYANGCHAOGUO1GESHIYANG,GESHIYANGZHIJIANZEZHISHAOYAOYOU1mYISHANGDEJIANGE,RUGUOCONGTONGYIGEJUANZHUANGZHONGQUYANGCHAOGUO2GESHIYANG,ZEYINGFENZUQUYANG,MEIZUBUYINGCHAOGUO5GESHIYANG,GEZUZHIJIANYOUSHUMIJIANGE。

9 CHENGXUYUCAOZUO

9.1 ZHIJIEJISHUFA(YIGUXIANWEILI)

9.1.1 DAKAIDIANYUANKAIGUAN,XIANSHIQIXIANSHIXINXICANSHU。

9.1.2 SUDUDIAOZHENG:ZAIFUWEIZHUANGTAIXIA,AN“CESU”JIAN,DIANJIDAIDONGYOUJIACHIQIZHUANDONG,XIANSHIQIXIANSHIMEIFENZHONGZHUANSU,DIAOZHENGDIAOSUNIUⅠSHIZHIYI(1000±200)r/minDESUDUXUANZHUAN,AN“FUWEI”JIANFANHUIFUWEIZHUANGTAI。

9.1.3 CANSHUSHEDING

9.1.3.1 SHEDINGCESHIGEJU(SHEDINGWANBIHOUYINGJIANCHATAYUSHIJICESHIZHANGDUSHIFOUXIANGFU)

9.1.3.1.1 DUANXIANWEIDANSHAGEJUSHEDING

CESHIGEJUYINGJINLIANGZHANG,DANYINGXIAOYUSHAXIANZHONGDUANXIANWEIDEPINGJUNZHANGDU,TONGCHANGCESHIGEJUJIANBIAO27-2。

BIAO27-2 DUANXIANWEIDANSHACESHIGEJU

测试隔距(mm) 10或25 25或50 25或50 100及250
材料类别 棉纱 精梳毛纱 粗梳毛纱 韧皮纤维

9.1.3.1.2 FUSI、GUXIANJILANXIANGEJU

DANGMINGYINIANDU≥1250NIAN/mSHI,GEJU(250±0.5)mm;DANGMINGYINIANDU<1250NIAN/mSHI,GEJU(500±0.5)mm。

9.1.3.2 SHEDINGYUZHINIANHUISHU:KEYIYISHEJINIANDUWEIYIJULAISHEZHINIANHUISHU。

9.1.3.3 GENJUCESHIXUYAOSHURUCESHICISHU、XIANMIDU、SHIYANFANGFA(ZHIJIEJISHUFA:F0)。

9.1.4 JINRUCESHI

9.1.4.1 ANSHIYANJIANJINRUCESHI,ZAIYIQIDEZHANGLIJIGOUSHANGAN(0.5±0.1)cN/texTIANJIAZHANGLIFAMA。

9.1.4.2 YINSHACAOZUO:QIQUSHIYANGSHIDUANSHAXIANSHUMI,ZAIBUSHISHIYANGSHOUDAOYIWAISHENZHANGHETUINIANDEQINGKUANGXIA,YAQIZUOJIACHIQISHANGDEQIANKOU,JIANGSHIYANGCONGZUOJIACHIQIQIANKOUCHUANGUO,YINZHIYOUJIACHIQI,JIAJINZUOJIACHIQI,ANQIYOUJIACHIQIQIANKOU,SHISHAXIANJINRUDINGWEICAONEI,QIANYINSHAXIANSHIZUOJIACHIQISHANGDEZHIZHENDUIZHUNSHENZHANGBIAOCHIDELINGWEI,ZHIZHILINGWEIZHISHIDENGLIANGQI,RANHOUSUOJINYOUJIACHIQIQIANKOU,JIANGSHAXIANJIAJIN,ZUIHOUJIANGSHAXIANYINDAOZHIGESHADAO,QINGLASHAXIANQIEDUANDUOYUSHAXIAN。

9.1.4.3 ANXIA“QIDONG”JIAN,YOUJIACHIQIXUANZHUANKAISHIJIENIAN,ZHIYUZHINIANSHUSHIZIDONGTINGZHI,GUANCHASHIYANGJIENIANQINGKUANG,RUWEIJIEWANNIAN,ZAIAN“+”HUO“-”JIAN(RUSUDUGUOKUAIKEYONGDIAOSUXUANNIUⅡDIAOSU)DIANDONG,HUOYONGSHOUXUANZHUANYOUJIACHIQI(BAFENXIZHENCHARUZUOJIACHIQICHUDESHIYANGZHONG,SHIZHENPINGYIDAOYOUJIACHIQICHU)ZHIZHIWANQUANJIENIAN。CISHIXIANSHIQIXIANSHIDESHINIANHUISHU,AN“CHULI”JIANHOU,XIANSHIWANCHENGCISHU、NIANDUHENIANXISHU,ZHONGFU9.1.4.2~9.1.4.3CAOZUOJINXINGXIAYICICESHI,ZHIZHIJIESHU,ANDAYINJIANDAYINTONGJIJIEGUO。

9.2 TUINIANJIANIANFA(YIDANSHAWEILI)

9.2.1 DAKAIDIANYUANKAIGUAN,XIANSHIQIXIANSHIXINXICANSHU。

9.2.2 SUDUDIAOZHENGTONG9.1.2。

9.2.3 YUBEICHENGXU--QUEDINGYUNXUSHENZHANGDEXIANWEIWEIZHI

SHEZHIGEJUZHANGDU(500±1)mm,AN(0.5±0.1)cN/texDEYAOQIUDIAOZHENGYUJIAZHANGLIFAMA,ZHANGLIZUOYONGZAILIANGDUANJIACHIQIJIACHIDESHIYANGSHANG,TONGSHIDIAOJIESHIYANGZHANGDU,SHIZHIZHENZHISHIZAILINGWEI。RANHOUYOUJIACHIQIYI800r/minHUOGENGMANDESUDUZHUANDONGKAISHITUINIAN,ZHIDAOSHAXIANZHONGDEXIANWEICHANSHENGMINGXIANHUAYI,ZHEISHIDUQUZAIDUANLIESHUNJIANDESHENZHANGZHI,RUGUOSHAXIANMEIYOUDUANLIE,ZEYINGDUQUFANXIANGZAIJIANIANQIANDEZUIDASHENZHANGZHI,JIEGUOJINGQUEDAO1mm。ANSHANGSHUFANGSHIJINXING5CICESHIHOU,JISUANPINGJUNZHI,ZUIHOUYIPINGJUNZHIDE1/4ZUOWEIYUNXUSHENZHANGDEXIANWEIWEIZHI。

9.2.4 QUEDINGYUJIAZHANGLI

9.2.4.1 JINGFANGMAOSHADEYUJIAZHANGLISHIYOUNIANXISHUJUEDINGDE(RUBIAO27-2);QITASHAXIANDEYUJIAZHANGLIWEI(0.5±0.1)cN/tex,ZAITEDINGDEQINGKUANGXIA,RUGUOSUOCENIANDUBIFANGSHAJISUOSHIJIADENIANDUGAOHUODI,JIANYIDUOZUOYIXIEYUBEISHIYAN。

BIAO27-2 JINGFANGMAOSHANIANXISHUYUYUJIAZHANGLIDEGUANXI

捻系数 <80 80~150 >150
预加张力(cN/tex) 0.1±0.02 0.25±0.05 0.5±0.05

 

9.2.4.2 HECHENGXIANWEIZHANGSIDEYUJIAZHANGLIRUBIAO27-3SUOSHI。

BIAO27-3 HECHENGXIANWEIZHANGSIDEYUJIAZHANGLI

长丝品种 牵引丝 变形丝 高弹变形丝
预加张力(cN/tex) 0.050±0.005 0.10±0.01 0.20±0.02

9.2.5 CANSHUSHEDING

9.2.5.1 SHEZHIGEJUZHANGDUWEI(500±1)mm,BINGJIANCHAHESHIJICESHIZHANGDUSHIFOUXIANGFU。

9.2.5.2 GENJUCESHIXUYAOSHURUCESHICISHU、XIANMIDU、CESHIFANGFA(TUINIANJIANIANAFA:F1;TUINIANJIANIANBFA:F2)、NIANXIANG。

9.2.5.3 GENJU9.2.3QUEDINGSHENZHANGXIANWEI,GENJU9.2.4SHIJIASHAXIANZHANGLIFAMA。

9.2.6 YINSHACAOZUO:TONG9.1.4.2。

9.2.7 KAISHICESHI

9.2.7.1 FANGFAA—YICIFA

AN“QIDONG”JIAN,YOUJIACHIQIXUANZHUANKAISHIJIENIAN,JIENIANTINGZHIHOUZAIFANXIANGJIANIAN,ZHIDAOZUOJIACHIQIZHIZHENFANHUILINGWEI,YIQIZIDONGTINGZHI,LINGWEIZHISHIDENGLIANGQI,YIQIXIANSHIWANCHENGCISHU、NIANHUISHU/m、NIANHUISHU/10cm、NIANXISHU。ZHONGFUYISHANGCAOZUO,ZHIZHIDADAOSHEZHICISHU。AN“DAYIN”JIAN,DAYINTONGJIZHI。

9.2.7.2 FANGFAB—ERCIFA

QUSHIYANGSHEJINIANDUDE1/4,HUOZHEYONGFANGFAACEDENIANHUISHUDE1/4WEIYIJUSHEZHINIANHUISHU。ZHIXINGWANFANGFAADEQUANBUCHENGXUHOUBUYAOBAJISHUQIZHILING。QUDIERGESHIYANGBINGANZHAOSHANGSHUYAOQIUJIANGQIGUDINGZAIJIACHIQIZHIJIAN,AN“QIDONG”JIAN,YOUJIACHIQIXUANZHUANKAISHIJIENIAN,DANGTUIDIAOSHANGSHUSHEZHIDENIANHUISHUSHI,DIANJIFANXIANGJIANIANZHILINGWEIZHISHIDENGLIANG,DIANJIZIDONGTINGZHI,BINGXIANSHIWANCHENGCISHU、NIANHUISHU/m、NIANHUISHU/10cm、NIANXISHU。ZHONGFUYISHANGSHUANGSHIYANGCAOZUO,ZHIZHIDADAOSHEZHICISHUZUOWANCESHI。AN“DAYIN”JIAN,DAYINTONGJIZHI。

9.3 SANCITUINIANJIANIANFA

CANSHUSHEDINGJICAOZUOTONGFANGFAA。(QUBIE:SHEDINGFANGFAF3,JIANGYIGENSHAXIANJINGGUOSANCITUINIANJIANIAN)。

10 JIEGUOJISUAN

10.1 SHIYANGNIANDUJISUANGONGSHI:

(27—1)

SHIZHONG:—SHIYANGNIANDU,NIAN/m;

—SHIYANGCHUSHIZHANGDU,mm;

—SHIYANGNIANHUISHU。

10.2 SHIYANGPINGJUNNIANDUJISUANGONGSHI:

(27—2)

SHIZHONG:—SHIYANGPINGJUNNIANDU;

—QUANBUSHIYANGNIANDUDEZONGHE;

—SHIYANGSHULIANG。

10.3 NIANXISHUJISUANGONGSHI:

(27—3)

SHIZHONG:—NIANXISHU;

—NIANDU,NIAN/m;

—SHAXIANXIANMIDU,tex。

11 CESHIBAOGAO

11.1 JILU:YIQIXINGHAO、GEJUZHANGDU、WENDU、XIANGDUISHIDU、XIANMIDUDENGCESHICANSHU,SHIYANGMINGCHENG、SHULIANG、GUIGE、NIANXIANG、NIANXISHUDENGLIEBIAODAYIN。

11.2 JIEGUO:PINGJUNNIANDU/m、PINGJUNNIANXISHU/m、PINGJUNNIANXISHU/cm、PINGJUNZHIYIXIAPINGJUNNIANDU/m、PINGJUNZHIYIXIAPINGJUNNIANXISHU/m、PINGJUNZHIYIXIACISHU、JUNFANGCHA、PINGJUNCHABUYUNLV、BIANYIXISHU(CV%)DENGDENG。

12 XIANGGUANZHISHI

12.1ANYIXIAMIAOSHUQUEDINGSHIYANGNIANXIANG:XIANSHISHAXIANCHENGXUANCHUIZHUANG,RANHOUQUEDINGXUANCHUIBUFENXIANWEIDEQINGXIEFANGXIANG,ZIMU“S”ZHONGJIANDUANYIZHIDEWEISNIAN,YUZIMU“Z”ZHONGJIANDUANYIZHIDEWEIZNIAN(TU27-2SHI)。

12.2 ZHIWUQUYANG

12.2.1 JIZHIWUQUJINGSHASHIYANGYINGQUZIBUTONGGENSHAXIAN,YINWEIBUTONGGENSHAXIANDAIBIAOBUTONGJUANZHUANG。WEISHASHIYANGYINGCONGZHENGGESHIYANSHIYANGPINZHONGSUIJIQUDE,YIHUODEJINLIANGJUYOUDAIBIAOXINGSHUJU;RUGUOSHIYANGCONGZHANGDU2mDETIAOYANGZHONGQUDE,TONGCHANGKERENWEIQUZIBUTONGDEWEISHAGUAN。

12.2.2 DUOLUWEIRUXINGWEIBIANZHENZHIWU,CONGBUFENSHIYANSHIYANGPINDELIANXUXIANQUANHENGLIEZHONGQUDESHIYANG;DANLUWEIBIANZHENZHIWUHUOWEIRULEIXINGBUMINGZHE,CONGQUANBUYANGPINZHONGSUIJICHOUQU。

12.2.2 JINGBIANZHENZHIWU,ZAIDUOSHUQINGKUANGXIACHAIXIABIXUZHANGDUDESHIYANGSHIBUKENENGDE,TONGCHANGBUSHIYONGTUINIANJIANIANFA。

12.3 NIANXISHUKEBIJIAOTONGYIPINZHONGBUTONGCUXISHAXIANDEJIANIANCHENGDU,JINIANXISHUXIANGTONGERXIANMIDUBUTONGDETONGPINZHONGSHAXIAN,JUYOUXIANGTONGDENIANHUIJIAO。YOUTESHUZHINIANXISHU、GONGZHINIANXISHUHEYINGZHINIANXISHUSANZHONG。TAMENDEJISUANSHIRUXIA:

TESHUZHINIANXISHU                (27-4)

GONGZHINIANXISHU                   (27-5) 

YINGZHINIANXISHU                 (27-6) 

ZAIGONGDINGHUICHAOLVXIANGTONGTIAOJIANXIASANZHEKEXIANGHUHUANSUAN:

(27-7)

(27-8)

(27-9)

YISHANGGESHIZHONG:——GEZHONGNIANXISHU;

——SHAXIANTESHU;

——GEZHONGZHISHU;

——GEZHONGNIANDU。

12.4 CHUANTONGNIANDUCESHICENGZAIGUANGFANGUOJI、GUOJIABIAOZHUNZHONGJIZAIBINGYINGYONGDUONIAN,QICANSHUSHEDING、SHIYANBUZHOURUSHANGSUOSHU,YUNXUSHENZHANGHEYUJIAZHANGLIDENGYAOSURUBIAO27—4SUOSHI:

BIAO27—4 GELEIDANSHACEDINGCANSHU

类别 试样长度(mm) 预加张力(cN/tex) 测定次数 允许伸长(mm)
棉纱(包括混纺纱) 250   30 4.0
中长纤维纱 250 0.3×Tt 40 2.5
精、粗梳毛纱(包括混纺纱) 250 0.1×Tt 40 2.5
苎麻纱(包括混纺纱) 250 0.2×Tt 40 2.5
绢丝 250 0.3×Tt 40 2.5
有捻单丝 500 0.5×Tt 30

ZHU:DANGSHIYANGZHANGDUWEI500mmSHI,QIYUNXUSHENZHANGYINGANBIAOZHONGSUOLIEZENGJIAYIBEI,YUJIAZHANGLIBUBIAN。

BIAO27—5 GELEIGUXIANCEDINGCANSHU

类别 试验长度(mm) 预加张力(cN/tex) 测试次数
棉、毛、麻股线 250 0.25 30
缆线 500 0.25 30
绢纺丝、长丝线 500 0.50 30

13 SIKAOTI

13.1 FENXIYINGXIANGSHAXIANNIANDUCESHIJIEGUODEYINSU。

13.2 BIJIAOZHIJIEJISHUFAHETUINIANJIANIANFADEYITONG。